Where we left off, reporter Sergei Brilev was busy imparting some interesting historical background about Bolivia. He mentioned that, under the Presidency of Evo Morales, the 36 indigenous (native) languages of Bolivia were given equal status to the official state language, which is Castilian Spanish. Wikipedia gives a list of these 36 languages and the proportions and geography of the various speakers. That’s a lot of languages for such a small country; but fits the pattern well known to professional linguists, how mountainous places tend to have more languages, due to the isolation of individual villages and communities. Whereas, when communities are accessible to each other and interact more, they tend to merge in their languages, due to intermarriages, neighborly relations, and the like. Eventually one language might dominate, and the others fall out of use. There are various other patterns, of course.
Just scanning through the wiki entries for each of these languages, it seems like, to this day, linguists have not been able to figure out the various interrelationships of all these native languages, nor construct any ancient proto-languages, as they were able to do with, for example, the Indo-European languages. It’s just too complicated, and nobody knows the true history of all the various indigenous American peoples, where they came from, what languages they spoke originally, and the pattern of how they settled the American continent. All we know is that they settled the entire continent from top to bottom.
Historically, maybe the most important of these Bolivian languages is Quechuan. An ancestral language, Proto-Quechua, has been re-constructed, but only going back to Incan times, which is fairly recent, in the scheme of things. Quechuan was the state language of the Incan Empire, a mighty civilization with many accomplishments under its belt, but somehow never managed to invent the wheel! And, by the way, proponents of so-called “Scientific Racism”, who do not think very highly of Native Americans, point out such examples as “proof” of the allegedly inferior intellect and lower IQ’s of Native Americans, especially as compared to Europeans. After all, even the ancient Sumerians and Hittites knew about wheels! Well, not everybody can think of everything. Also, in defense of the Incas, maybe they knew about wheels but just preferred to use brute manpower, since they had so many slaves. Anyhow, we’ll get back to the racism bit later, because it’s relevant.
So, approximately 25% of the Peruvian people speak descendant dialects of Quechuan, as well as approximately 2 million Bolivians as well. Quechuan uses the Roman alphabet (orthography) to write down its phonemes. It is a consonant-rich and vowel-poor phonology, with only 3 vowels /a/, /i/, and /u/, but 25-30 consonants, depending on the dialect. Gramatically, Quechuan (like most of the indigenous languages, I would venture to guess), is an agglutinative language. This is in contrast to most European languages, which are gluten-free.
Leaving aside this fascinating sidebar about the indigenous languages of Bolivia; except one might wonder now if their official status is in doubt, since the coup. Because, as we are about to learn, the new coup-President of Bolivia nurses a virulent hated of native peoples. And we may assume that her Castilian Spanish is impeccable, with all the words accented on the correct syllable!
Why Was Morales Forced To Flee?
This question is raised by reporter Brilev. He summarizes the already well-known facts: Evo Morales technically lost a referendum as to whether or not he could run for a fourth term. Which he did anyhow, and won the election, which his enemies claimed was falsified. Violent street protests followed inevitably, egged on by Uncle Sam. In the course of this, one can see, with the clear eyes of a Monday-morning quarterback, all the tactical mistakes that Morales made along the way. Including the fact that he invited the Organization of American States (OAS) in to audit the election. Thus proving his naivete, since even infants are aware, that the OAS is controlled and rigged by the United States.
Secondly, and this is me talking, not Brilev: Morales should have done as Maduro did, and formally requested help from Russia and Cuba. Thirdly, he was too quick to flee; and I totally understand why he did — I would have done the same, in his position, but he should have made it clearer that he was not resigning his post, just fleeing for his life.
And one could go on and on, listing all the mistakes that Morales made; but it’s all moot now. Everybody knows that he had a target on his back, and it was just a matter of time before the North Americans would do him in.
Proceeding to the stance of the Russian government. Although they stood by Maduro of Venezuela, they seem to be rather cool towards Morales. A fact that I personally cannot understand, and attribute to a lack of principled spine in the Russian Foreign Office! Russia even hastened to recognize the Pretender (Pretendress?), Jeanine Áñez, before the ink was even dry on her Usurper calling card.
In the next segment of the piece, reporter Brilev interrogates a Russian specialist in matters Bolivian, man goes by the name of Andrei Shchelchkov, who has a doctorate in history and is a member of the Russian Academy of Science. Here is what Professor Shchelchkov has to say about all of this:
[to be continued]